Chronology for the Carlsberg Family

2017

Sequencing the barley genome

Carlsberg Research Laboratory participates in sequencing the barley genome for the first time in history.

2016

Rebrew

Carlsberg Research Laboratory rebrews a 1883 lager using the original pure yeast. The achievement came after a spectacular find of one of the very first Carlsberg beer in an old cellar at Carlsberg in Copenhagen.

2015

Research merger

The Carlsberg Laboratory and the Carlsberg Research Centre become fully integrated under the name Carlsberg Research Laboratory. The Carlsberg Foundation takes ownership of the Carlsberg Academy.

2013

Finansial flexibility

In order to provide greater financial flexibility, the Carlsberg Foundation amends its Charter once again, abolishing the 25% capital ownership requirement. The Foundation must, however, continue to own shares carrying at least 51% of the votes.

2008

Carlsberg become Carlsberg Group

Carlsberg acquires 50% of Scottish & Newcastle and gains full control of, among others, a number of Russian and Baltic breweries, including Baltika Breweries. At the same time, Carlsberg changes its name to the Carlsberg Group.

2007

A and B shares

2007 The Carlsberg Foundation amends its original Charter, changing the capital ownership requirement from 51% to 25% with the right to at least 51% of the votes. This is safeguarded by virtue of the difference between A and B shares.

51%

2004

Orkla is bought out

Carlsberg buys out Orkla and extends its collaboration with Scottish & Newcastle.

2001

Orkla merger

Carlsberg merges with Orkla and acquires an extended collaboration agreement with the Scottish & Newcastle brewery on activities in Eastern Europe.

2000

The Carlsberg Foundation amends its Charter, allowing the establishment of subsidiaries with a significant influence.

1991

The Tuborg Foundation was established by Tuborg Breweries in 1931. Carlsberg Breweries and Tuborg Breweries merged in 1970. In 1991, the Tuborg Foundation became an independent department of the Carlsberg Foundation

1976

The Carlsberg Research Center

The Carlsberg Research Centre is established with the Carlsberg Laboratory as a central department.

1972

Malaysia

The Carlsberg Laboratory is transferred to Carlsberg A/S. Carlsberg builds its first brewery in Asia – in Malaysia. In the following years, a number of new breweries open in both Europe and Asia.

1970

Carlsberg and Tuborg merge to form The United Breweries A/S, the Carlsberg Breweries and the Tuborg Breweries.

1968

a Global Brewery

Carlsberg builds its first overseas brewery in Blantyre, Malawi, as part of Denmark’s development assistance for the African country.

1954

Exports

Great Britain is Carlsberg’s largest export market. A ship loaded with Carlsberg beer sails across the North Sea every 12 days.

1914

Carl Jacobsen dies

1913

The Little Mermaid

Carl Jacobsen donates The Little Mermaid to Copenhagen. It will later become a symbol of the city.

1909

pH is invented

Professor S.P.L. Sørensen of the Carlsberg Laboratory invents the pH unit to measure the acidity or alkalinity of a substance.

S. P. L. Sørensen

Chemist

09/01/1868 - 12/02/1939

1902

Carl Jacobsen establishes the New Carlsberg Foundation to support art and art scholarship. At the same time, he hands over New Carlsberg to the Carlsberg Foundation. The two breweries now have a common owner. The New Carlsberg Foundation assumes responsibility for Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek.

1897

Carl Jacobsen officially opens the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek art museum in the centre of Copenhagen.

1887

J. C. Jacobsen dies

J.C. Jacobsen dies during a visit to Rome. The Carlsberg Foundation assumes ownership and management of Old Carlsberg.

1884

The Museum of National History<br>

J.C. Jacobsen turns over the Museum of National History at Frederiksborg Castle to the Carlsberg Foundation.

1883

Cultivation of Yeast

Professor Emil Christian Hansen of the Carlsberg Laboratory makes his revolutionary discovery: a method of cultivating pure yeast. The method is not patented but is made freely available to all.

Emil Chr. Hansen

Mycologist

08/05/1842 - 27/08/1909

1882

Old Carlsberg

The annex brewery is merged with J.C Jacobsen’s brewery. To avoid confusion between Carlsberg and New Carlsberg, J.C. Jacobsen renames his brewery Old Carlsberg.

1881

New Carlsberg Brewery

Carl Jacobsen builds the New Carlsberg Brewery, which opens on 14 August.

1878

J.C. Jacobsen founds the Museum of National History at Frederiksborg Castle.

1876

The Carlsberg Foundation

On 25 September, the Carlsberg Foundation is established by means of a Deed of Gift to the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters. The Carlsberg Foundation takes over the management of the Carlsberg Laboratory.

1875

The Carlsberg Laboratory is founded

1871

Annex brewery

J.C. Jacobsen gives Carl Jacobsen an annex brewery where he can brew his own beer.

1869

China

J.C. Jacobsen sends consignments of beer to the Far East and China to find out whether the beer is suitable for export.

1868

First exports

The Carlsberg Brewery makes its first exports to Great Britain.

1847

Carlsberg Brewery

The Carlsberg Brewery is founded. The first barrels of beer are ready on 10 November.

1845

Bottom-fermented beer

J.C. Jacobsen begins brewing bottom-fermented beer. He travels to Munich to obtain bottom-fermenting yeast from Brewer Sedlmayr. On the journey home by stagecoach, he uses a converted hatbox to carry the yeast and keeps the yeast fresh by cooling it under a tap at each stop.

1842

Carl Jacobsen i s born

J.C. Jacobsen’s son, Carl Jacobsen, is born. J.C. Jacobsen makes his second study trip to Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria and Italy.

1836

Langes Brewery

J.C. Jacobsen makes his first study trip to Langes Bryggeri in Altona and Hamburg to investigate the technique of brewing bottom-fermented beer.

1835

White beer brewing<br>

1835 J.C. Jacobsen’s father, Christen Jacobsen, dies and J.C. Jacobsen takes over his father’s white beer (hvidtøl) brewery.

1811

J.C. Jacobsen

Jacob Christian (J.C.) Jacobsen is born in Copenhagen.