Chronology for the Carlsberg Family


Sequencing the barley genome

Carlsberg Research Laboratory participates in sequencing the barley genome for the first time in history.



Carlsberg Research Laboratory rebrews a 1883 lager using the original pure yeast. The achievement came after a spectacular find of one of the very first Carlsberg beer in an old cellar at Carlsberg in Copenhagen.


Research merger

The Carlsberg Laboratory and the Carlsberg Research Centre become fully integrated under the name Carlsberg Research Laboratory. The Carlsberg Foundation takes ownership of the Carlsberg Academy.


Finansial flexibility

In order to provide greater financial flexibility, the Carlsberg Foundation amends its Charter once again, abolishing the 25% capital ownership requirement. The Foundation must, however, continue to own shares carrying at least 51% of the votes.


Carlsberg become Carlsberg Group

Carlsberg acquires 50% of Scottish & Newcastle and gains full control of, among others, a number of Russian and Baltic breweries, including Baltika Breweries. At the same time, Carlsberg changes its name to the Carlsberg Group.


A and B shares

2007 The Carlsberg Foundation amends its original Charter, changing the capital ownership requirement from 51% to 25% with the right to at least 51% of the votes. This is safeguarded by virtue of the difference between A and B shares.



Orkla is bought out

Carlsberg buys out Orkla and extends its collaboration with Scottish & Newcastle.


Orkla merger

Carlsberg merges with Orkla and acquires an extended collaboration agreement with the Scottish & Newcastle brewery on activities in Eastern Europe.


The Carlsberg Foundation amends its Charter, allowing the establishment of subsidiaries with a significant influence.


The Tuborg Foundation was established by Tuborg Breweries in 1931. Carlsberg Breweries and Tuborg Breweries merged in 1970. In 1991, the Tuborg Foundation became an independent department of the Carlsberg Foundation


The Carlsberg Research Center

The Carlsberg Research Centre is established with the Carlsberg Laboratory as a central department.



The Carlsberg Laboratory is transferred to Carlsberg A/S. Carlsberg builds its first brewery in Asia – in Malaysia. In the following years, a number of new breweries open in both Europe and Asia.


Carlsberg and Tuborg merge to form The United Breweries A/S, the Carlsberg Breweries and the Tuborg Breweries.


a Global Brewery

Carlsberg builds its first overseas brewery in Blantyre, Malawi, as part of Denmark’s development assistance for the African country.



Great Britain is Carlsberg’s largest export market. A ship loaded with Carlsberg beer sails across the North Sea every 12 days.


Carl Jacobsen dies


The Little Mermaid

Carl Jacobsen donates The Little Mermaid to Copenhagen. It will later become a symbol of the city.


pH is invented

Professor S.P.L. Sørensen of the Carlsberg Laboratory invents the pH unit to measure the acidity or alkalinity of a substance.

S. P. L. Sørensen


09/01/1868 - 12/02/1939


Carl Jacobsen establishes the New Carlsberg Foundation to support art and art scholarship. At the same time, he hands over New Carlsberg to the Carlsberg Foundation. The two breweries now have a common owner. The New Carlsberg Foundation assumes responsibility for Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek.


Carl Jacobsen officially opens the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek art museum in the centre of Copenhagen.


J. C. Jacobsen dies

J.C. Jacobsen dies during a visit to Rome. The Carlsberg Foundation assumes ownership and management of Old Carlsberg.


The Museum of National History<br>

J.C. Jacobsen turns over the Museum of National History at Frederiksborg Castle to the Carlsberg Foundation.


Cultivation of Yeast

Professor Emil Christian Hansen of the Carlsberg Laboratory makes his revolutionary discovery: a method of cultivating pure yeast. The method is not patented but is made freely available to all.

Emil Chr. Hansen


08/05/1842 - 27/08/1909


Old Carlsberg

The annex brewery is merged with J.C Jacobsen’s brewery. To avoid confusion between Carlsberg and New Carlsberg, J.C. Jacobsen renames his brewery Old Carlsberg.


New Carlsberg Brewery

Carl Jacobsen builds the New Carlsberg Brewery, which opens on 14 August.


J.C. Jacobsen founds the Museum of National History at Frederiksborg Castle.


The Carlsberg Foundation

On September 25, 1876, the Carlsberg Foundation was established and received a donation of DKK 1 million through a gift letter for the foundation's basic capital. J.C. Jacobsen at the same time asked the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters to appoint the five-member board of the Carlsberg Foundation. The Carlsberg Foundation took over the operation of the Carlsberg Research Laboratory.


The Carlsberg Laboratory is founded


Annex brewery

J.C. Jacobsen gives Carl Jacobsen an annex brewery where he can brew his own beer.



J.C. Jacobsen sends consignments of beer to the Far East and China to find out whether the beer is suitable for export.


First exports

The Carlsberg Brewery makes its first exports to Great Britain.


Carlsberg Brewery

The Carlsberg Brewery is founded. The first barrels of beer are ready on 10 November.


Bottom-fermented beer

J.C. Jacobsen begins brewing bottom-fermented beer. He travels to Munich to obtain bottom-fermenting yeast from Brewer Sedlmayr. On the journey home by stagecoach, he uses a converted hatbox to carry the yeast and keeps the yeast fresh by cooling it under a tap at each stop.


Carl Jacobsen i s born

J.C. Jacobsen’s son, Carl Jacobsen, is born. J.C. Jacobsen makes his second study trip to Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria and Italy.


Langes Brewery

J.C. Jacobsen makes his first study trip to Langes Bryggeri in Altona and Hamburg to investigate the technique of brewing bottom-fermented beer.


White beer brewing<br>

1835 J.C. Jacobsen’s father, Christen Jacobsen, dies and J.C. Jacobsen takes over his father’s white beer (hvidtøl) brewery.


J.C. Jacobsen

Jacob Christian (J.C.) Jacobsen is born in Copenhagen.