The Carlsberg Foundation’s Research Prizes 2019 have been awarded to Mikael Rask Madsen, professor of European law and integration at the University of Copenhagen, and Thomas Kiørboe, professor of ocean ecology at the Technical University of Denmark. Mikael Rask Madsen and Thomas Kiørboe have been awarded the Carlsberg Foundation Research Prizes 2019 for their groundbreaking work on, respectively, the role of the European courts and the microscopic life of the ocean. Of the total prize money of DKK 1 million, DKK 750,000 is earmarked for research activities and DKK 250,000 is a personal gift. The prize is awarded on the recommendation of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters. The Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters’ motivation for rewarding the prize to Mikael Rask Madsen Mikael Rask Madsen is one of the world’s leading researchers at the intersection between international law, politics and society. His original approach, which combines juridical, humanistic and sociological methods, has led to groundbreaking research in international law, legal sociology and political sociology. Madsen’s basic research is of the very highest international calibre, as demonstrated by his appointment as director of the research centre iCourts. His research has also found clear and immediate application in society. The Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters’ motivation for rewarding the prize to Thomas Kiørboe Thomas Kiørboe is one of the world’s leading marine ecologists and has played a key role in our understanding of life in the ocean. He is recognised globally for his original and provocative scientific approach, and as a pioneer in many aspects of marine ecology. Through his research and his time at both MIT in Boston and UC in Berkeley, he has managed not only to develop new methods but also to create important links in our understanding of ocean processes from the micro to the macro level. The Carlsberg Foundation Research Prize The Carlsberg Foundation Research Prize was instituted in 2011 to mark the bicentenary of the birth of founder J. C. Jacobsen. The objective of the Carlsberg Foundation Research Prize is to support two active researchers, in Denmark or abroad, who have made vital contributions to basic research and enjoy great scientific recognition. The prizes are meant to encourage further research and can be spent, as required, on research stays abroad, field work, equipment or salary for scientific assistance. The prizes are awarded on the recommendation of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters. Each prize amounts to DKK 1 million. From this, DKK 250.000 is a personal gift and DKK 750.000 is for research.