Summary The aim of the conference is to explore new ways of thinking about early modern philosophy and to critically assess traditional historiographical accounts. The early modern period is a decisive chapter of our past, which set the tracks for the modern European identity. Yet, this heritage also has its dark sides. Environmental problems, persistent gender inequality, growing nationalism and racism are some of the major concerns that call on us to re-think our past. These problems are also present in common historiographical accounts that tend to focus on few canonical figures, to neglect women philosophers and philosophers of colour, and to overlook the richness and diversity of the thought of this period. This conference will address in a comprehensive way the various facets of this debate.